税收


Tax. It’s Your Money.

税收,来自纳税人的钱。

 

ACT’s fundamental belief is that the Government should spend less of your money. You should keep more of it. You earned it, after all. That goes for both personal income tax that you pay on your salary, and the tax that business owners pay in company tax.

行动党的基本减税信念是政府应该少花纳税人的钱。纳税人应该自由地支配自己的劳动所得,而非支付高额的税收,让政府决定如何支配。我们的新政将使得个人所得税和公司税的上限均得到大幅度削减。

The Government’s accounts are in surplus. The tax taken from New Zealanders exceeds the amount Government is spending – the Government is taking more tax than it needs.

当前新西兰政府处于财政盈余状态,政府从纳税人那里征收的税收是超过国家实际运营支出的。所以减税能让纳税人获得更多实惠。

At the same time, taxpayers bear the cost of a large amount of wasteful spending. There are numerous grants and subsidies given out to support businesses and projects that New Zealanders would never voluntarily invest their money in – golf contests, yacht races, research into the Southland accent, and subsidies to some of our biggest companies.

同时,纳税人正在承担大量被政府浪费的花销。政府在支持企业与项目上支出了大量补助与津贴,然而新西兰的纳税人永远不会主动把自己的钱投资在——高尔夫竞赛,游艇比赛,研究南岛口音和大企业的津贴上。

ACT would make savings by cutting corporate welfare, and would use this money to deliver a company tax cut. We would return government surpluses to New Zealanders by delivering a tax cut in every income tax bracket.

行动党将减少企业福利支出,将这些钱用来抵消少征收的公司税;将政府的财政盈余用于抵消少征收的个人所得税。

 

 

  • ACT’s Tax Cuts Policy.
  • 行动党的减税政策

 

  • Personal Tax Cut:

削减个人所得税

ACT has always supported lower, flatter taxes and our policy means nobody will pay more than 25% of their income in tax. Our personal tax cut policy will let every New Zealander keep more of their income. We would cut the tax rate in every income bracket, and eliminate the top tax bracket entirely.

行动党一向主张降低税收、缩减税级,我们将个人所得税的上限设置为25%。该减税方案将使得所有新西兰人少缴税、多拿工资。我们将降低每个收入阶层的税率,并取消最高税率等级。

Our tax cuts would take effect on 1 April 2018. This is our tax cut plan:

我们的减税政策将从2018年4月1日起生效,具体的削减税收计划如下:

 

 

目前,新西兰人年收入$48,001- $70,000 的税率是30%,收入$70,000以上的税率是33%。根据行动党的减税方案,现行个人所得税的最低税率将从10.5%降低到10%(年收入为0-$14000),现行中间税率将从17.5%降低到15%(年收入$14,001-$48000),最高税率将从33% 降低到25%。

年收入0-$14000: 纳税10%

年收入$14,001-$48000:纳税15%

年收入$48000以上,纳税25%

 

ACT would end the stealth tax hikes that occur when inflation pushes people into higher tax brackets. We will do this by requiring the Government to regularly adjust tax brackets for inflation, meaning you only end up paying a higher tax rate if your income increases in real terms.

目前,人们用以计税的收入并没有排除通货膨胀的影响。收入提高意味着或将进入更高的纳税阶梯,然而去除通胀影响之后的实际收入并没有增长,这更加重了纳税人的负担。行动党提倡根据通货膨胀调整纳税等级。

 

What will this mean for you? 减税政策对您意味着

A person on the average wage – around $60,000 per year – will keep around $1,500 per year. A person on the full time minimum wage – just over $30,000 will keep $500.

根据行动党的减税方案,一个人赚得新西兰平均年薪6万纽币将每年少缴纳约1500纽币的税;而一个拿最低工资的人,一年全职工资约3万纽币的人每年将少缴约500纽币的税。

Professional, and middle-income people will benefit from having their top tax rate reduced from 33 cents to 25 cents. ACT’s tax cuts allow people to spend, save and invest more of their own money as they choose.

高技能人群和中等收入人群将受益于减税政策,最高税率从33%降低到25%。行动党的减税政策有利于人们更自由的花费、储蓄和投资他们自己的钱。

If the Government had enacted this policy with its previous tax reforms in 2011, the average household would have saved $2500 by now.

如果政府采纳了行动党在2011年提出的这项税改建议,那么迄今为止,按照家庭收入的中位数来计算,平均每户家庭可在收入所得税上节省2500纽币。

 

  • Company Tax Cut

削减公司税

Business owners will also benefit from a tax cut under ACT. ACT’s policy is for the company tax rate to be set at 25%, a reduction from 28%.

企业也是行动党减税政策的受益方之一,行动党还计划将28%的公司税降低到25%。

Businesses around the country tell us that rather than the National Party’s plans and strategies, and grants and subsidies, the simplest thing that the Government could do to support business growth is a reduction in business taxes. We know that reducing the tax burden on all companies will enable them to grow, take on new staff and pay higher wages.

行动党党魁 David Seymour表示:“政府为支持商业增长所能做的最简单的事情就是减少公司税。我们知道, 减少公司的税务负担将有助于公司的成长、雇用更多新员工、支付员工更高的工资。”

Our cut to the company tax rate is estimated to reduce revenue initially by $1.1 billion per year. We will balance this by reducing spending on corporate welfare – grants and subsidies to businesses.

据估计,我们对公司税率的削减,每年会减少11亿美元的收入。我们将通过减少企业福利——企业补贴和津贴来平衡这一缺口。

 

  • Cutting Corporate Welfare

废除公司福利

We believe that business growth overall will be better served by reducing the tax burden on all companies, rather than picking winners with taxpayer money. Greater after-tax returns will incentivise greater investment in new businesses and growth of existing businesses.

行动党认为目前政府对企业进行的补贴是一种浪费。企业福利与小政府、自由市场的理念相违背。政府不应该拿着纳税人的钱去干预市场。企业福利项目及相应支出详见下表:

Naturally, a tax cut means reduced revenue for the Government. ACT supports a balanced budget so our tax cut policy is balanced by surpluses and cuts to wasteful spending. Our income tax cuts are estimated to reduce revenue by $4.4 billion. Government surpluses are growing rapidly.

诚然,减少税收意味着政府收入的减少。行动党支持预算均衡,我们的减税政策是通过平衡政府盈余和削减浪费支出实现的。据估计,减税新政将使政府收入减少44亿纽币。但是政府的盈余在快速增长,加上减少浪费性开支和减少企业福利,这些结合起来,新西兰政府可以负担得起减税,而且还能提高对教育、医疗卫生的投入。

 

以下表为例:2016至2017财务年间,因减税造成政府收入减少15.2亿新元, 而通过减少企业福利,行动党为政府节约了11.3亿新元。 这两笔收支接近平衡,而扣除损益后财政仍有盈余29.1亿新元。

 

  • No Cuts to Core Services

保证核心服务

Our tax cuts will never require reductions in spending on core public services, that means no cuts to hospitals and doctors, schools and teachers, police, courts or defence.

行动党的减税政策针对的是政府现有的一些不必要的企业福利与津贴开支,并非针对核心公共服务领域,如在医院和医生、学校和教师、警察、法院以及国防领域的支出。

We believe taxes are paid with the expectation that core public services are available and delivered to a high standard.

我们认为纳税人交税的目的,是期望政府能够提供便捷完善和更高质量的核心公共服务。

 

  • The Cost of Superannuation

延长养老金领取年龄

Between now and 2037, the cost of not changing the Superannuation Age is a massive $58 billion. That’s the amount that will be paid to 65 and 66 year olds between now and then.

All other parties are being irresponsible on superannuation. National’s tinkering defers any change until 2037, while Labour NZ First and the Greens refuse to make any change at all.

ACT will start raising the age of entitlement in 2020, lifting it by two months per year. This is fairer on younger taxpayers.

行动党还提出了提高领取养老金年龄的政策,计划从2020年起将退休年龄从65岁提高至67岁,每年提高2个月。而国家党的政策是直到2037年才开始逐步提高领取养老金年龄。从现在到2037年,如果按照国家党的政策,65至66岁的养老金支出将达到580亿纽币。而如果按照行动党的政策,这笔支出将可以省下来,减轻养老金负担。

 

“Our policy would mean higher take-home pay for every New Zealander, and nobody paying more than 25% tax.

David Seymour

 

“我们的政策将使新西兰人因减税得到更多的工资,任何人都不会被征收超过25%的税。

David Seymour